Studies show that 15% of all breast cancers occur in women between the ages of 20 to 44 (1). Mammography is difficult to interpret in the age group due to the density of the breast.  Women who are on hormone replacement therapy, nursing or have fibrocystic, large or augmented breasts can cause reading difficulties (2,3).  While there is no one screening test that is 100% accurate (1,3,4), current research shows a 61% increase in survival rate when thermography is added to a woman’s regular breast check-up.  Thermography introduces a 90% accurate screening test for younger women and provides the earliest breast cancer detection to date for women of all ages.

  1. ACS Breast Cancer Guidelines and Statistics. 2005-2006
  2. Belliveau N., M.D. et al. “Infrared imaging of the Breast: Initial Reappraisal Using High-Resolution Digital Technology in 100 Successive Cases of Stage I and Stage II Breast Cancers.”  Breast Journal 4.4 (1998).
  3. Gamigami P., M.D. Atlas of Mammography; New Early Signs of Breast Cancer. Blackwell Science, 1996.
  4. Gautherie M., Ph.D. “Thermobiological Assessment of Benign and Malignant Diseases.” American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology 147.9 (1983); 861-869.
  5. Nyirjesy, I. M.D. et al. “Clinical Evaluation Mammography and Thermography in the Diagnosis of Breast Carcinomas.” Thermology 1 (1986) 170-173.Beating Breast Cancer (Article)

Beating Breast Cancer (Article)

Infrared Imaging of the Breast - An Overview (2006 - Chapter 25 of the Biomedical Engineering Handbook, Third Edition, Medical Devices and Systems)

Nondestructive Testing of the Human Breast: The Validity of Dynamic Stress Testing in Medical Infrared Breast Imaging  (IEEE - Engineering in Medicine and Biology Journal)

Infrared Imaging of the Breast: Initial Reappraisal Using High-Resolution Digital Technology in 100 Successive Cases of Stage I and II Breast Cancer (The Breast Journal)

Efficacy of Computerized Infrared Imaging Analysis to Evaluate Mammographically Suspicious Lesions (American Journal of Radiology)

Advances in Medical Infrared Imaging (IEEE - Engineering in Medicine and Biology Journal)

Relationship Between Microvessel Density and Thermographic Hot Areas in Breast Cancer (Surgery Today Journal)

Manipulation of the Primary Breast Tumor and the Incidence of Sentinel Node Metastases From Invasive Breast Cancer (Archives of Surgery Journal)

Influence of Estrogen Plus Progestin on Breast Cancer and Mammography in Healthy Postmenopausal Women (Journal of the American Medical Association - The Women’s Health Initiative Randomized Trial)

Estrogens, Steroidal (Tenth Report on Carcinogens - National Institutes of Health)

Endogenous Estrogens as Carcinogens Through Metabolic Activation (Journal of the National Cancer Institute)

Estrogens as Endogenous Genotoxic Agents—DNA Adducts and Mutations (Journal of the National Cancer Institute)

Tissue-Specific Synthesis and Oxidative Metabolism of Estrogens (Journal of the National Cancer Institute)

Endocrine Disrupters and Human Health: Could Oestrogenic Chemicals in Body Care Cosmetics Adversely Affect Breast Cancer Incidence in Women? 

Chemo Prevention of Cancer (Carcinogenesis Journal)

Vascular Targeting Agents as Cancer Therapeutics (Clinical Cancer Research Journal)